As worldwide wine production is projected to fall by 5 percent in 2016, Romania's wine production is estimated to increase by 37 percent this year, the world's highest growth, the International Organization of Vine and Wine (OIV) said in a statement.>
Romania ranks 13th among OIV's world's top 22 wine producers in 2016.
At a global level, OIV estimates that world wine production will drop by 5 percent on the year in 2016 to 259.5 mhl. This is one of the lowest global production level in the last 20 years, as a consequence of climatic events.
Popular domestic grape varieties used for wine production include Francusa, Feteasca Alba, Tamaioasa, Feteasca Neagra, Babeasca. Romania also produces its share of worldwide vintages, including Riesling, Merlot, Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay and Muscat Ottonel.
In the European Union (EU), 2016 wine production is evaluated, at the midfalling range estimate, at 158.5 mhl, which is a significant decline of 7.7 mhl compared with 2015 production at 166.2 mhl, OIV said.
The forecasts of two of the three main producing countries saw a decrease compared with 2015 production: Italy saw a reduction of 2 percent at 48.8 mhl and France in particular recorded a drop of 12 percent at 42.2 mhl. Only Spain experienced slight growth with around 37.8 mhl, according to the OIV.
Germany and Portugal fall in line with this downward trend, with 8.4 and 5.6 mhl, falling 4 percent and falling 20 percent respectively, while in Greece 2.6 mhl production was on the up increasing by 2 percent.
"After two poor harvests, Romania returned to a good level of production. Bulgaria saw a production level in keeping with its potential with 1.3 mhl, after the very low 2014 production" OIV said in the statement.
"It should be mentioned that 2016 production forecasts in Austria and Hungary, with 1.8 and 2.7 mhl respectively, indicate a decline in relation to 2015 production levels by falling 21 percent and falling 6 percent, respectively. In the main producing countries outside the EU, 2016 production as for that of 2015 should see a decline compared with the significant production levels in 2013 and 2014" it added.
The United States, with 22.5 mhl vinified by increasing 2 percent compared with 2015, again recorded a high production level. In South America, the production in the three countries of Argentina, Chile and Brazil was in sharp decline.
Argentina recorded a significant reduction in its production in 2016 with 8.8 mhl vinified by falling 35 percent compared with 2015, which is by far the poorest harvest in recent years. At the same time, 2016 production in Chile also experienced a decrease with 10.1 mhl, which is very close to that of 2014 at 10.5 mhl and represents a notable drop of falling 21 percent compared with vinified production in 2015 at 12.9 mhl.
Brazil saw a very low production of 1.4 mhl, which is a reduction of 50 percent compared with 2015 2.8 mhl. The production of these three countries was affected by climatic events.
South Africa, with a production of 9.1 mhl, observed a 19 percent decline in 2016 production levels compared with 2015. In Oceania, 2016 Australian production is evaluated at 12.5 mhl, which is increasing 5 percent compared with 2015 and continues the trend of relative stability over the 2012falling 2015 period.
In New Zealand, 2014 production set a record at nearly 3.2 mhl. This record was almost equalled in 2016 since production reached 3.1 mhl, which is increasing 34 percent compared with 2015.